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 *Native Tribes - North American* 
 
      
 
 
*Native American Creation Myths*
 
 *Native Tribes - North American

  * Indian Languages * 

 

  *  Tribal Languages  * 

 

 

From the date of its first appearance in 1891 the Powell map of "Linguistic Families of American Indians North of Mexico" has proved of the widest utility. It has been reissued several times and copied into numerous publications. There has, however, been almost equal need of a map giving the location of the tribes under the several families. To one familiar from his readings in early American history with the names and locations of our prominent eastern "tribes," such as the Delaware, Iroquois, Cherokee, and Choctaw, the preparation of a tribal map seems to be simple, and would indeed if all Indians had been grouped into bodies as clearly marked as those mentioned. But even in the eastern United States the term "tribe" is quickly found to have no uniform application. The Creeks were a confederation of a few dominant tribes and a number of subordinate bodies, each formerly independent. The name "Delaware" is commonly said to have covered three tribes or sub-tribes, but while two of these seem never to have been independent of each other, the third, the Munsee, is often treated as if it were entirely separate. The name "Powhatan" was applied to about 30 tribes or sub-tribes which had been brought together by conquest only a few years before Virginia was settled, and the term "Chippewa," or "Ojibwa," is used for a multitude of small bands with little claim to any sort of governmental unity. In the case of the Iroquois, on the other hand, the tribe was only a part of the governmental unit, the Iroquois Confederation, or Longhouse.

 

   Introduction to Indian tribes of North America   

 

 

 

      

 

     

 

   

 

    United States  -  Tribes by State    

 

 

 

        

 

 

   Northeast  
 
Includes the following States
 
Connecticut | Delaware | District of Columbia | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | New Hampshire
New Jersey | New York | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | Vermont 
 
Includes the following Indian Tribes
 

Abenaki  Acquintanacsnak  Algonkin  Algonquian Family  Arosaguntacook  Atquanachuke  Beothuk Family  Brotherton  Chickahominy  Conestoga  Delaware  Erie  Fox  Hathawekela  Huron  Illinois  Iroquois  Kickapoo  Manhattan  Mahican  Malecite  Marameg  Martha'sVineyard Indians  Mascouten  Mashpee  Maskegon  Massachuset  Matinecoc  Mattabesic  Meits  Metoac  Miami  Mohawk  Mohegan  Moravians  Munsee  Nanticoke  Narragansett  Nauset  Neutrals  Niantic (Eastern) (Western) Nipissing Nipmuc  Ojibwe  Onondaga  Ontonagon  Passamaquoddy  Pennacook  Penobscot  Pequawket  Pequot  Piankashaw  Pocomtic Poosepatuck  Potawatomi  Powhatan  Saconnet  Saluda  Saponi  Sauk  Seneca  Shawnee  Shinnecock  Susquehanna Tionontati  Tutelo  Tunxis  Unalachtigo  Unami  Wampanoag  Wappinger  Weanoc  Wenrohronon

 

 

 

   Upper Eastern  

 

Includes the Following States

 

Indiana | Kentucky | North Carolina | Tennessee
Virginia | West Virginia

 

Includes the Following Native American Tribes

   Southeast  

 

Includes the Following States

 

Alabama | Florida | Georgia | Mississippi | South Carolina

 

Includes the Following Indian Tribes

 

Acolapissa  Acuera  Alabana  Amacano  Alibamu  Apalachee  Apaiachicola  Atsina
Bayogoula  Bayougoula  Biloxi  Calusa  Caparaz  Capinans  Catawba   Chakchiuma  Chatot  Chactoo  Chatot  Cherokee  Chesapeake  Chiaha  Chine  Christanna Indians  Choula  Chickasaw  Chitamacha  Choctaw  Congaree  Creek  Cusabo  Eno  Grigra  Guacata  Guale  Hathawekela  Hitchiti  Houma  Icaful  Jeags  Karankawa  Karok  Kasihta  Keyauwee  Koasati  Koroa  Lumbee  Macapiras  Manahoac  Matchotic  Mikasuki  Mobile  Moctobi  Monacan  Muklasa  Muskogee  Nappissa  Napochi  Natchez  Nottaway  Ocale  Occaneechi  Oçita  Oconee  Ofo  Okelousa  Onathequa  Onatheaqua  Osochi  Pascagoula  Pawokti  Pedee  Pensacola  Pohoy  Powhatan  Quapaw  Saluda  Santee  Santee  Saturiba  Seminole  Sewee  Shakori  Shawnee  Sissipahaw  Sugeree  Tacatacuru  Taensa  Taposa  Tekesta  Tequesta  Timucua Family  Tohome  Tunica  Tuscarora  Tuskegee  Tutelo  Ucita  Utina  Waccamaw  Wateree  Waxhaw  Winyaw  Yamasee  Yuchi  Yufera  Yui  Yustaga

 

 

 

   Upper Mid-West  

 

Includes the following States

 

Illinois | Michigan | Ohio | Wisconsin

 

Includes the Following Native American Tribes

 

   Upper Plains  

 

Includes the Following States

 

Iowa | Kansas | Minnesota | Missouri | Nebraska
North Dakota | South Dakota

 

Includes the Following Indian Tribes

  Lower Plains  

 

Includes the Following States

 

Arkansas | Louisiana | Oklahoma | Texas

 

Includes the Following Native American Tribes

 

Acolapissa  Adai  Alabama  Anadarko  Apache  Apalachee  Aranama  Arapaho  Avoyel  Bayogoula  Bidai  Biloxi  Caddo  Cahinnio  Chatot  Cherokee  Cheyenne  Chickasaw  Choctaw  Coahuiltecan Tribes  Comanche  Coaque  Creeks  Deadose  Delaware  Dotame  Doustioni  Eyeish  Foxes  Guasas  Hainai  Hathawekela  (Absentee Shawnee)  Hitchiti  Huma Illinois  Iowa  Iroquois  Isleta del Sur  Jicarilla  Kadohadacho  Kansa  Karankawan  Karankawan Family  Kaskinampo  KichaiKickapoo  Kiowa  Kiowa Apache  Koasati  Koroa  Lipan  Manso  Miami  Michigamea  Missouri  Modoc  Mosopelea  Mugulasha  Munsee  Muskogee  Nabedache  Nacisi  Nacogdoche  Nanatsoho  Natchez  Nez Percé  Natchitoch  Natchitoches Confederacy  Ofo  Okelousa  Opelousa  Osage  Oto  Ottawa  Ouachita  Pascagoula  Patiri  Pawnee  Peoria  Pinkashaw  Ponca  Potawatomi  Pueblos  Quapaw  Quinipissa  Sauk  Seminole  Seneca  Shawnee  Soacatino  Souchitioni  Taensa  Tangipahoa  Tawakoni  Tawasa  Tawehash  Tonkawa  Tunica  Tuskegee  Waco  Washa  Wea  Wichita  Wyandot  Yscanis  Yatasi  Yazoo  Yojuane  Yscani  Yuchi

 

 

 

  Mountain  

 

Includes the Following States

 

Colorado | Idaho | Montana | Utah | Wyoming

 

Includes the Following Indian Tribes

  Southwest  

 

Includes the Following States

 

Arizona | Nevada | New Mexico

 

Includes the Following Native American Tribes

 

  Northwest  

 

Includes the Following States

 

Oregon | Washington

 

Includes the Following Indian Tribes

 

Ahantchuyuk  Alsea  Atfalati  Athapascan Family  Bannock  Chakankni  Calapooya  Calapuya  Cathlamet  Cathlacomatup  Cathlacumup  Cathlakaheckit  Cathlamet  Cathlanahquiah  Cathlapotle  Cathlathlalas  Cayuse  Chasta  Chaui  Chehalis  Chastacosta Chasta-Soton  Chaushila  Chelamela  Chelamela  Chepenafa  Chetco  Chilluckkittequaw  Chilliwack  Chimakum  Chimakuan Family  Chinook  Chinookan Family  Clackama  Clallam  Clatsop  Colville  Columbians  Cowichan  Cowlitz  Dakubetede  Dwamish  Hanis  Hoh Humptulips  Kalapooian Family  Kalispel  Klallam  Klamath  Klickitat  Kosotshe  Kuitsh  Kusan  Kwaiailk  Kwalhioqua  Lakmiut   Lohim Lummi  Lutuamian Family  Makah  Methow  Mishikhwutmetunne  Modoc  Molala  Muckleshoot  Multnomah  Naltunnetunne Neketemeuk  Nemalquinner  Nespelem  Nez Percé  Nisqualli  Nooksack  Ntlakyapamuk  Okanagon  Paiute  Paloos  Palouse Pshwanwapam  Puyallup  Queets  Quileute  Quinaielt  Quinault  Salish  Salish Family  Samish  Sanpoil  Santiam  Satsop Semiahmoo  Senijextee  Shasta Shahala  Shahaptian Family  Shoshonean Family  Shoshoni  Siletz  Sinkakaius  Sinkiuse  Siuslaw  Skaddal  Skagit  Skilloot  Snake  Snohomish  Snoqualmie  Squaxon  Stehtsasamish  Stillaquamish  Suquamish  Swallah/Swalash  Swinomish  Taidhapam  Takelma  Taltushtuntude  Tenino  Tillamook  Tulalip  Tutuni  Twana  Tyigh  Umatilla  Umpqua  Walla Walla  Walpapi  Wanapam  Wasco  Watlala  Wauyukma  Wenatchee  Wishram  Wynoochee  Yahuskin  Yakima  Yakonan  Yamel  Yaquina  Yonkalla

 

 

 

  California  

 

California

 

Includes the Following Native American Tribes

 

Achomawi  Atsugewi  Awani  Cahita  Cahuilla  Cajuenche  Chemehuevi  Chetco  Chilula  Chimariko  Chumash  Chumash Family  Coanopa  Cochimi  Cochiti  Copehan Family  Costanoan Family  Cuñeil  Cupeño  Dakubetede  Diegueño  Esselen  Fernandeño  Halchidhoma  Huchnon  Hupa  Juaneño  Kamia  Karok  Kato  Kawaiisu  Kawia  Kawia(2)  Kitanemuk  Konomihu  Koso  Koyeti  Lassik  Luiseño  Maidu  Mariposan Family  Mattole  Mission Indians  Miwok  Modoc  Mohave  Mono  Mono-Paviotso  Nongatl  Nooksak  Okwanuchu  Paiute Patwin  Pomo  Salinan  Serrano  Shasta  Shastan Family  Shoshonean Family  Shoshoni  Tachi  Tolowa  Tübatulabal  Wailaki  Wappo  Washo  Watok  Whilkut  Wintu  Wintun  Wiyot/Wiyat  Yahi  Yana  Yodok  Yokuts  Yuki  Yuman  Yurok

 

 

 

  Some Canadian Tribes  

 

Includes the Following Indian Tribes

 
 
  

Indian Genealogy

Notes About the Book:

Source: The Indian Tribes of North America, by John R. Swanton, 1953,

Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 145, US Government Printing Office, Washington DC.

Online Publication: The manuscript was scanned and then ocr'd.

Minimal editing has been done, and readers can and should expect some errors in the textual output.